Doctoral study

Information on doctoral courses

Applied Optoelectronics in Medicine

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Jan Vrba, CSc.

Scope and aims of non-invasive measurement techniques in medical diagnostics. Fundamental physiology of the vascular system, hemodynamics, skin anatomy and perfusion. Computer simulation of the cardiovascular system. UV, VIS and IR spectroscopy. Fundamental optics of the eye and color analysis. Optical parameters of biological tissue. Dispersion of light, Design of optical sensors, Optical visualisation principles of translumiscetion and tomography, Optoelectronic systems in medicine.

Medical Applications of Electromagnetic Field

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Jan Vrba, CSc.

Future possibilities of EM Field medical applications. Principals and technical equipment for EM thermotherapy, hyperthermia applicators. Calculation of 3D SAR and temperature distribution. Details of microwave thermotherapy apparatus are given, especially from the point of view of applicators for local, intracavitary and regional treatment. Non-invasive thermometry (NMR, ultrasound and radiometry) and special compatible applicators are described.

Methodology of Science

Guarantor: doc. Ing. Stanislav Vítek, Ph.D.

The purpose of the course is to provide students with a set of information, instructions, advice and knowledge of information resources as a background for their future scientific and research activities, to create a habit of certain procedures and ways of working with information and to introduce them to the academic sphere as future authors of scientific publications.

Analysis Methods for Passive Elements of Microwave and Millimeter-wave Technique

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Jan Macháč, DrSc.

Computation of transmission lines parameters. Computation of microwave circuits scattering parameters, analysis of planar antennas. Survey of basic methods for analysis of passive circuits with the stress on methods: spectral domain, integration equation, finite differences, finite elements, mode matching, transversal resonance. Survey of basic theorems of electromagnetic fields, moment method, disturbance method.

Microwave Technique

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Karel Hoffmann, CSc.

Microwave transmission lines and its circuit elements including hybrid and monolithic integrated circuits technology. Resonators and other type of passive microwave elements (e.g. attenuators, couplers, isolators and circulators, modulators etc.) and active microwave circuits (e.g. oscillators, mixers and amplifiers), microwave filters, microwave measurement. CAD of microwave circuits.

Numerical Methods in Electromagnetic Field

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Jan Macháč, DrSc.

Poissonous, Helmoholtz and wave equations. Analytical, semianalytical, seminumerical and numerical methods. Matrix equations and algorithms: Mode Matching Technique, Point Matching Method, Method of Moments, Multiple MultiPoles, Boundary Element Method, Finite Difference Method, Finite Element Method, Finite Integration Method. Stability of solution. Solution of matrix equations: direct methods, Gauss-JordanOs elimination, pivotation, LU-decomposition, banded and sparse matrix, conjugate-gradient method.

Optical Fibers

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Stanislav Zvánovec, Ph.D.

Waveguiding in optical fibers, attenuation and dispersion, step-index fibers, gradient fibers, single and f1ibers, optical cables, splices and connectors, optical fibers measurements, fabrication, nonlinear phenomena in optical, fibers, fibers for sensors.

Advanced Electromagnetism

Guarantor: doc. Ing. Lukáš Jelínek, Ph.D.

The course presents advanced topics of classical electromagnetic field theory, especially: electric and magnetic vector potential; reciprocity, duality, and equivalence principle; Green’s function; multipole expansion; scattering and characteristic modes; homogenization and Bloch’s theorem; synthesis and topological optimization.

The knowledge gained in this course can be used in many branches of applied electromagnetism, especially in antenna theory and microwave circuit design.

Technique of Highly Sensitive Receivers

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Miloš Mazánek, CSc.

Design of highly sensitive microwave receivers, mm – wave and submm – wave receivers. Electromagnetic spectrum and noise properties of the Earth atmosphere and surface. Microwave, millimetre wave communication. Semiconductors for microwave and millimetre wave bands, SIS detectors, mixers, infrared receivers. High frequency radiometers technology, measurement of noise parameters. Multispectral radiometry and remote sensing, electromagnetic radiation – interference, EMC theory and measurement.

Theoretical Optoelectronics in Medicine

Guarantors: prof. Ing. Jan Vrba, CSc., prof. V. Blažek

The course gives to doctoral students from different disciplines the opportunity of both highly theoretical studies and numerical simulations of interactions of electromagnetic waves in the visible part of the spectrum (and adjacent UV and IR bands) with biological tissues. And to learn about modern optoelectronic sensor concepts and their applications in the field of medical therapy and diagnostics. Interdisciplinary topics will be discussed and focused on the benefits and current applications of optoelectronics in medicine. Important definitions (such as radiation intensity, etc.) will be formulated and important methods will be described, in particular: radiometry, photometry, eye as a radiation detection field. UV, VIS, NIR spectroscopy, interferometry, scattering measurements, integration of spherical theory, etc. Emphasis will be placed on modern theoretical approaches (i.e. mathematical and physical models), e.g. calculation of the light intensity distribution in biological tissue, theory of radiation transmission (e.g. theory and model Kubelka-Munk), etc. Students will be acquainted with the possibilities of numerical simulations of the given problems by aid of modern SW products (like e.g. COMSOL Multiphysics, SEMCAD / Sim4Life, CST, etc.) which are working based on numerical methods FDTD, FEM, MoM, Monte-Carlo etc. Operating principle of the optoelectronic reflective and transmissive sensors. Measurement concepts for noninvasive detection of peripheral blood volume dynamics, clinical examples and typical examination tests. Principles and applications of functional optical imaging techniques: optical biopsy, IR Diaphanoscopy, IR thermography, Laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI), Photoplethysmo-graphy imaging (PPGI), optical coherence tomography (OCT).

Evaluation of Applicators for Microwave Thermotherapy

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Jan Vrba, CSc.

Lectures are focussed on methodology of evaluation of microwave applicators, which means measurements of SAR distribution in water phantom and measurements of temperature distribution in various types of agar phantoms. Further design and optimisation of measuring probes is discussed, methodology of probes calibration and measured data evaluation are described. Numerical modelling of microwave applicators by aid of software product FEMLAB, comparison of mathematical and experimental models.

Selected Chapters from Antennas and Propagation

Guarantor: prof. Ing. Miloš Mazánek, CSc.

Summary of antennas and modern antenna technology. Selected problems of antennas and propagation for fixed and mobile communication, earth and satellite services. Frequency management for different services and communication. Topics of near a far field antenna measurement, compact antenna measurement. Measurement of signal level for specific services. Antenna anechoic chambers design.

Scientific Writing

Guarantors: doc. Ing. Milan Polívka, Ph.D., prof. J. Frolik

This course is intended to help researchers organize and effectively communicate, in English, their scientific results. While the instructor is an Electrical Engineer, the approaches are applicable to all technical disciplines.